Labor migration is a complex socio-economic phenomenon related to the dynamics of labor supply, because migration processes mainly affect the economically active population. Labor migration in Georgia has become an important factor in the physical existence of the population, which is caused by economic hardship and is directly related to unemployment and poverty.

Reports from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) emphasize that the world will soon face the unexpected consequences of rapid migration if states do not make timely and purposeful joint efforts to develop migration policies. At the present stage, demographic changes, economic needs, or the impact caused by environmental changes will irreversibly lead to an increase in the number of labor migrants.